debt to asset ratio

The Debt-To-Asset ratio is a measure of Solvency and is determined based on information derived from a business’ or farm operations balance sheet. The term Solvency refers to the ability of a farm or business to pay all of its debt if it were to have to immediately sell the business or farming operation. The Debt-To-Asset ratio specifically measures the amount of debt the business or farm has when compared to the total assets owned by the business or farm.

  • It indicates how much debt is used to carry a firm’s assets, and how those assets might be used to service debt.
  • Let us take the example of Apple Inc. and calculate the debt to asset ratio in 2017 and 2018 based on the following information.
  • The total-debt-to-total-asset ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s total debts by its total assets.
  • A ratio of 1 would indicate a company is 100% backed by debt, whereas a ratio of 0 means the company is carrying no debt on its books.
  • If hypothetically liquidated, a company with more assets than debt could still pay off its financial obligations using the proceeds from the sale.
  • The debt to equity ratio is a measure of a company’s financial leverage, while the debt to assets ratio is a measure of a company’s total liabilities.

Highly leveraged companies may be putting themselves at risk of insolvency or bankruptcy depending upon the type of company and industry. The total-debt-to-total-asset ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s total debts by its total assets. The debt ratio takes into account both short-term and long-term assets by applying both in the calculation of the total assets when compared with total debt owed by the company. The debt-to-total-assets ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets. Because a ratio greater than 1 also indicates that a large portion of your company’s assets are funded with debt, it raises a red flag instantly. It also puts your company at a higher risk for defaulting on those loans should your cash flow drop.

Debt ratio – What is the debt ratio?

Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

debt to asset ratio

Entity has more debt/liabilities than assets, more debt funded by assets and also more assets financed by debt. For example, the debt to asset ratio of a utility company is in all likelihood going to be higher than a software company – but that does not mean that the software company is less risky. Net debt is a liquidity metric to determine how well a company can pay all of its debts if they were due immediately and shows how much cash would remain if all debts were paid off. The calculation considers all of the company’s debt, not just loans and bonds payable, and considers all assets, including intangibles. Therefore, the figure indicates that 22% of the company’s assets are funded via debt. This is considered a low debt ratio, indicating that John’s Company is low risk.


Entity has the safest financial risk and credit profile, with the most financial stability, borrowing capacity and flexibility. The remaining 70% of Company A’s assets are funded by equity from owners or shareholders. Ted’s .5 DTA is helpful to see how leveraged he is, but it is somewhat worthless without something to compare it to.

To further protect the integrity of our editorial content, we keep a strict separation between our sales teams and authors to remove any pressure or influence on our analyses and research. Provide specific products and services to you, such as portfolio management or data aggregation. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article. Debt to assets also explains how is the capital structure of the organization.

What is the Debt Ratio?

Essentially, the debt-to-asset ratio is a measure of a company’s financial risk. Investors and lenders look to the debt-to-asset ratio to assess a company’s risk of becoming insolvent. Companies with a high ratio are more leveraged, which increases the risk of default.

If the ratio, which shows debt as a percentage of assets, is greater than 1, it’s an indication the company owes more debt than it has assets. That could mean the company presents a greater risk to investors or lenders, especially if the debt has a variable rate of interest and interest rates are rising. A lower ratio indicates a company relies less on debt and finances a more significant portion of its assets with equity. Both investors and creditors use this figure to make decisions about the company. To find relevant meaning in the ratio result, compare it with other years of ratio data for your firm using trend analysis or time-series analysis. Trend analysis is looking at the data from the firm’s balance sheet for several time periods and determining if the debt-to-asset ratio is increasing, decreasing, or staying the same. The business owner or financial manager can gain a lot of insight into the firm’s financial leverage through trend analysis.

Also, the more established a company is, the more stable cash flows and stronger relationships with lenders it tends to have. As a result, larger and more mature companies can typically afford to have higher debt ratios than other industries. Now that we’ve looked at the key differences between the debt to equity ratio and the debt to assets ratio, let’s take a closer look at each ratio in turn. Shareholder equity is the portion of a company’s assets that are owned by its shareholders. It is calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total assets.

debt to asset ratio

A ratio higher than 0.5 or 50% can determine a higher risk of the business. Of course, this ratio needs to be assessed against the ratio from comparable companies. If the majority of your assets have been funded by creditors in the form of loans, the company is considered highly leveraged.

You can tell this because the company has more debts than equity in its assets (more than 0.5 of debt to asset ratio). The company may survive a couple of years, but they could be in danger of failing by then. In other words, investors often try to assess if the value of investments to the company—usually in the form of stocks—will potentially go up or go down in the long run. Debt to asset is also sometimes referred to as the debt ratio since they have a very similar formula.

What does a debt to total assets ratio of 50% indicate about a company?

These businesses will have a low debt ratio (below . 5 or 50%), indicating that most of their assets are fully owned (financed through the firm's own equity, not debt). A high risk level, with a high debt ratio, means that the business has taken on a large amount of risk. If a company has a high debt ratio (above .

As we mentioned earlier, the debt to assets ratio (D/A) is a financial ratio that measures a company’s leverage by comparing its total liabilities to its total assets. The debt to assets ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s total liabilities by its total assets.

debt to asset ratio

What is the debt-asset ratio? Investing Definitions